India and China have been involved in a military standoff at Sikkim's Doka La sector for over a month now.
The crisis erupted after Indian and Bhutanese troops foiled an attempt by the Chinese Army to encroach on a disputed enclave.
It is a "demilitarised zone" where Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) jawans are not allowed to take their weapons, officials said. "Transgressions do occur due to differing perceptions of the Line of Actual Control (LAC)", a source said. Lu Yang, a researcher from the worldwide department of China's Tsinghua University argues that the psychological impact of a war with India triggered by the Doklam crisis, feeding into the memories of the 1962 conflict, will sow lasting bitterness among the two peoples.
Indian Express cited its sources as saying that the Chinese soldiers came as usual and asked cattle owners to leave the area.
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China maintained that for talks to start between New Delhi and Beijing, India should fulfil Beijing precondition to withdraw its troops from the Doklam area which is justified and legitimate demand, the Global Times said, "China will make no concessions over the territorial issue nor will it yield to anyone when it comes to national security". The Chinese troops focussed their attention on the Western (Ladakh) and Eastern (Arunachal Pradesh) sectors.
After the war, ITBP jawans would patrol the area with weapons in a non-combative manner - with the barrel of the gun facing down. Indian officials have pointed out that the Doklam issue was staged by China at the behest of Pakistan, China tends to cause a distraction by forcing incursions into Indian soil. Officials also said the ITBP patrols the Barahoti region in civil dress where Indian shepherds from border villages and people from Tibet graze their animals.
Apart from India, China has also always been embroiled in a contest with Japan over East China Sea islands, as well as with five other governments over competing claims to territory in the strategically vital South China Sea.