According to the United States seismological institute, the quake had a magnitude of 7.1 and the epicenter was near the Puebla in Raboso, about 123 kilometers southeast from the capital.
Tuesday's 7.1-magnitude quake in central Mexico toppled dozens of buildings, including a school in the capital of Mexico City. A lot of them were in the greater Mexico City area and in the states of Guerrero, Morelos, Puebla, Oaxaca, and Tlaxcala.
A powerful natural disaster has shaken Mexico, less than two weeks after an 8.1-magnitude quake killed almost 100 people across the county.
Hundreds of buildings were destroyed by the country's most lethal quake in a generation.
September 30, 1999: Magnitude 7.5 quake kills at least 20 people in southern state of Oaxaca.
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At the school, TV pictures showed rescue teams working late into the night, using picks, shovels and their hands as well as heavy lifting gear in an attempt to find survivors.
The quake toppled dozens of buildings, tore gas mains and sparked fires across the city and other towns in central Mexico.
The 7.1 magnitude quake caused series damage in the neighbouring states, with more than 11 aftershocks registered so far. There was widespread panic, the media reports said.
It says the epicenter was near the town of Raboso, about 76 miles (123 kilometers) southeast of Mexico City. "We are with you and will be there for you", he wrote. Mexico City's worldwide airport suspended operations.
The quake is the deadliest to have hit the Latin American country since 1985, which killed thousands on the same date 30 years earlier.