America's flawed political leadership and planned expansion of nuclear weapons will lead to a major conflict with Russian Federation and China, says a former USA foreign policy adviser and diplomat.
The United States" new nuclear policy brings humanity "closer to annihilation', Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has said.
Daryl Kimball, the head of the Arms Control Association advocacy group in Washington, said that the development of new weapons in the USA nuclear arsenal was "dangerous, Cold War thinking".
Zarif said the new policy was "in violation" of the global Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
Regarding China, in addition to describing the Asian country as an adversary, Washington pointed out that it is ready to prevent Beijing from taking advantage if it uses that military technology in Asia or accepts its use in a lesser scale.
The Pentagon document, known as the Nuclear Posture Review, also urged Beijing to establish "meaningful dialogue" with Washington. Low-yield weapons with a strength of under 20 kilotons are less powerful but are still devastating.
The ruling Communist Party's military wing, the People's Liberation Army, has the world's fifth-largest nuclear arsenal, with 300 warheads, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
The report said that the U.S.'s nuclear triad - air, ground, and sea based-nuclear weapons - was still the most cost-effective war deterrent the US had.
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The US, which possesses the world's largest nuclear weapons arsenal, should conform to the irreversible world trend of peace and development rather than run in the opposite direction, state-run Xinhua news agency quoted Ren as saying.
China also said that the USA already has the world's largest nuclear arsenal and should instead look to reduce its number of weapons.
The Trump administration released a Nuclear Posture Review Friday calling for the development of more and smaller tactical nuclear weapons and more options in using them in the face of threats from countries like China, Russia and North Korea.
Shanahan argued the clarification was "stabilizing" because he said having a nuclear response option to extreme non-nuclear attacks "lowers the risk of nuclear use by anyone".
During his campaign, Trump promised to expand and strengthen the United States' nuclear arsenal.
If North Korean launches any nuclear attack against the United States or its allies, it will mean "the end of that regime".
"No football team only plays defense", Mattis said. The atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima had about the same explosive power. It pledged never to be the first to use nuclear weapons "under any circumstances".